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VTT White paper

Towards Sustainable Manufacturing

Sustainable manufacturing has become a priority. Climate neutrality, circularity, the pandemic and growing geopolitical frictions are all drivers for more resilient value networks.

We are now witnessing a clear transition towards sustainable manufacturing and autonomous production.

This white paper presents a vision of sustainable manufacturing and provides insights into the transformation towards it.

Autonomy is a key enabler in this transition and is discussed in the paper from multiple points of view, including technological autonomy, autonomy of future work, and geopolitical autonomy.

The purpose of this white paper is to:

  • challenge current thinking,
  • portray the systemic transformation that is already in progress,
  • support companies in finding new business opportunities.

Who is this for

This white paper is aimed at manufacturing, process industry & logistics companies.

It will be especially valuable to people responsible for production, business development, sustainability, and maintenance.


This 24-page white paper has been written by VTT's leading experts in smart manufacturing, management and cognitive production – and revised with selected manufacturing companies.

  1. Executive summary
  2. Autonomous manufacturing for sustainability
  3. Drivers and enablers for future sustainable manufacturing: Industry transformation & key technologies
  4. VTT's vision for sustainable manufacturing: manufacturing in 2035
  5. Sustainability benefits and impact: economic, social and environmental benefits
  6. Realising the vision: six steps towards sustainable manufacturing

What will be the role of humans? What kind of new business models are likely to emerge for producing goods? How will new manufacturing technologies, robotics and extended reality affect manufacturing? 

Download the white paper to learn more.

Cover image of Towards Sustainable Manufacturing white paper


Download your copy here

About VTT

VTT is a visionary research, development and innovation partner for companies and the society. We bring together people, business, science and technology to solve the biggest challenges of our time. This is how we create sustainable growth, jobs and wellbeing and bring exponential hope.

VTT is one of the leading research organisations in Europe, and we have 80 years of experience in cutting-edge research and science-based results. Our more than 2,000 professionals work to develop systemic and technological solutions that can bring about fundamental transformation.

We promise to always think beyond the obvious.

Key facts*

  • Revenue 254 M€
  • Over 1160 customers
  • ~430 patent families

* VTT Group 2021